Carnelian was widely used in the ancient city of Babylon. Many Babylonians carried a Carnelian stamp seal, worn at the wrist on bracelets. These seals served as personal signatures. 

Carnelian was also the talisman of the Kings of Babylon, used in their armors, jewelry, and buildings.The Kings believed that Carnelian would give them courage in battle, while also helping them to control their temper and rule rationally.